Euclea natalensis is a very variable, evergreen plant, ranging from a small shrub up to a moderately large tree with a spreading crown and a bole 20cm or more. Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grow. The custom of cleaning teeth and the gums with a chewed root of the tree Euclea natalensis, in the belief that it benefits oral health, is practised in South Africa.

Author: Taurn Arashijar
Country: Kenya
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 8 August 2013
Pages: 398
PDF File Size: 6.62 Mb
ePub File Size: 20.91 Mb
ISBN: 772-2-75826-296-4
Downloads: 79064
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tarr

University of Cape Town, Cape Town. Small GardensHabitat: Seed plants of southern Africa: Branchlets are covered in fine rusty hairs, becoming smooth with age. The new growth in spring is very decorative with pale, gold-tinged, velvety hairy foliage emerging out of the dark green crown.

Common names of South African plants. ShrubPlant Type: The strongly scented small, creamy white flowers are borne from August to March and naatalensis followed by round red to black fruit from March to December. The common name guarri is the phonetic spelling of its original Khoisan name, the original meaning unknown.

Euclea natalensis | Plantz Africa

Flora of tropical East Africa. The natzlensis are hard and leathery, dark green and shiny above and paler underneath. Anthony Hitchcock for advice on propagation. The margins are thickened and often wavy.


They are smooth or bristly, yellow, orange, red and black, in dense, conspicuous clusters. Associated with Termite MoundsHabitat: Google QR Code Generator.

Toothbrushing with the root of Euclea natalensis.

Rocky OutcropsDrought Hardiness: Euclea natalensis is divided into six subspecies: It has a spread of m. The flowers are small, bell-shaped, cream to yellow and are carried in many-flowered, branched sprays in the axils of the leaves.

It is a little slow growing and should be planted in sun or semi-shade. Sandy, Loam Flowering season: Diospyros is a large genus of about species that occur throughout the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres, with about 94 species in Africa, and about 20 in southern Africa.

Euclea natalensis

It is suited to many different types of gardens, including windy coastal gardens, well-watered subtropical gardens as well as bushveld and woodland gardens. The species name natalensis means from Natal, now KwaZulu-Natal. Clean off the fleshy layer, sow in spring or summer in a well-drained seedling mix.

The flowers are worked by bees. References Coates Palgrave, M. It is also used for protective sprinkling charms. Transplant into individual pots after the first pair of true leaves has developed. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. It has a dark, spreading crown of shiny, hard and leathery leaves. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Propagate by cuttings in spring or summer while the tree is actively growing. Take sturdy, semi-hardwood heel cuttings from the previous year’s growth.


The leaves are variable in size, shape and hairiness, most often oval to oblong with pointed, bluntly pointed or rounded tips.

The bark is dark grey, thin and finely cracked. Trees of Southern Africa.

Along rivers and streamsHabitat: Roots are pounded and boiled and used to make a black dye. The male flowers contain usually 16 stamens and a minute rudimentary ovary with 2 styles. SmallGrowth Rate: The trees growing in Kirstenbosch do not set fruit as abundantly as trees in habitat, perhaps because the male and female specimens are planted too far apart from each other.

Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. Water generously during its first years to allow it to establish itself. The trunk is usually straight. Coastal ScrubHabitat: Frost HardyPlant Type: Natal guarri, Natal ebony, large-leaved guarri Eng. It is found growing under many different conditions in a wide variety of habitats, from arid rocky scrub to dune bush, open grassveld, woodland, forest, forest margin, riverine fringes, bushveld and in swamps, from sea level to m.

With its dense crown it makes a good screening plant and can be planted singly as a beautiful specimen tree.