Herskovits New York. and to my colleagues on the Council’s sub -Committee on Acculturation. Dr. none the less hoped workers in other social sciences. is what. Similarly, Melville Herskovits, for a long time a missing figure in the annals of history of anthropology and one of the central protagonists of acculturation theory . MEMORANDUM FOR THE STUDY OF ACCULTURATION. Robert Redfield. University of Chicago Melville J. Herskovits. Northwestern University. Search for.

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The first potential outcome of acculturation is acceptance. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. Third, research should be attuned to the power dynamics of acculturative processes. Both Herskovits [ 11 ] and Hallowell [ 16 ] argued that a focus on de contextualized cultural traits in acculturation research was misguided.

Psychology became the dominant social science field studying acculturation and psychological acculturation research continues actively today. In contrast, in the U.

In his work Herskovits was strongly influenced by the Boasian approach to cultural anthropology. Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Anthropology in the Diasporas.

I thank the participants of both events for their comments. Cortney Bruno for her editorial assistance.

He afculturation the first U. Second, the other group must allow for the assimilating group to participate fully in society as they gain the appropriate cultural skills, thus developing an important political dimension to the research. Glazer D, Moynihan DP. In this paper, we will make the case herskovigs why a re-invigorated focus on acculturation is in the interests of anthropology as a field and as an applied discipline that can contribute to the understanding of processes of culture contact, immigration and the status of diverse individuals and groups in a range of contexts.

Implicit theories of Turkish—Dutch”.

Acculturation and Its Discontents: A Case for Bringing Anthropology Back into the Conversation

Thus, assimilation is a unilineal process that occurs in the direction of the dominant group. For instance, a key dimension to understanding language use among immigrant participants were the family rules about language use in the home.

He joined the Army Medical Corps herskovuts was stationed zcculturation France. Exploring Fine and Popular Forms. We have to think not only in broader terms, herskovjts also in different terms. Princeton, Princeton University Press. Advances in Theory, Measurement, and Applied Research. From Immigrant to Transmigrant: Spiro also noted that family, food choices, and religion often change at a slower pace than other aspects of culture, and that they served as additional buffers against discrimination from the larger society.


We would argue that it is good that the unilineal process of homogenization implied in assimilation is dead and that the process of acculturation remains as a more robust concept.

As the philosopher Peter Sloterdijk [] has argued, globalization is a project of homogenization of time and space driven by an ideology of unrestricted movement. Most research seems to indicate that the integrationist model of acculturation will lead to the most favorable psychological outcomes [44] and marginalization to the least favorable.

In order to develop a revitalized anthropological approach to acculturation, we propose an expansive definition based on the above propositions.

Melville J. Herskovits

Cultural appropriation is the adoption of some specific elements of one culture by members a different cultural group. And we can define them both as new modes of cultural dynamics, in the sense that acculturation theorists gave to this expression, or, following Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, as new modes of cultural production accultuuration the current regime of globalization. As I will argue in more detail, the fact that acculturation theory may provide some interesting clues for current anthropological challenges does not mean that new analytical tools are not required if a more complex understanding of the current predicaments of globalization is to be achieved.

In a similar vein it has been frequently forgotten that, besides its creative and hybridizing power, unrestricted movement — of people and culture, commodities and capitals, ideology and values — has a serious potential for cultural destruction. Acculturation Cultural appropriation Cultural area Cultural artifact Cultural baggage Cultural behavior Cultural bias Cultural capital Cross-cultural Cultural communication Cultural conflict Cultural cringe Cultural dissonance Cultural emphasis Cultural framework Cultural heritage Cultural icon Cultural identity Cultural industry Cultural invention Cultural landscape Cultural learning Cultural leveling Cultural memory Cultural pluralism Cultural practice Cultural property Cultural reproduction Cultural system Cultural technology Cultural universal Accultiration Enculturation High- and low-context cultures Interculturality Manuscript culture Material culture Non-material culture Organizational culture Print culture Protoculture Safety culture Technoculture Trans-cultural diffusion Transculturation Visual culture.

Acculturation and Its Discontents: A Case for Bringing Anthropology Back into the Conversation

Essays on Ethnographic Fieldwork. Their view of diffusion was a processual one, more interested in history in the making than in history as a narrative of things past. Again, these differences can be attributed to the age of the immigrant, the manner in which an immigrant exited their home country, and how the immigrant is received by the both the original and host cultures.


Spiro saw the study of U. As Zygmunt Bauman has argued, these cities of walls can be viewed as results of processes of differentiation that respond to increasing multiculturalization by the constant building of new differences and borders, both in a symbolic and in a material sense.

He herskovita several steps that would inform the research program on acculturation going forward.

Acculturation is the broadest process that can take multiple forms and directions depending on the changing social contexts of different cultural groups in contact. Studies suggest that individuals’ respective acculturation strategy can differ between their private and public life spheres.

In addition, anthropology has always viewed acculturation as a complex process that is multidirectional and can lead to a wide range of possible outcomes. This process has important dimensions, including the selection of cultural traits that are accultudation in the exchange and the final integration of cultural traits into the newly changed culture.

Consequently, psychologists created many cross-sectional measures that reduced the phenomenon to a series herskovifs Likert scales about language proficiency, food, media and music. Accluturation enculturation is used to describe the process of first-culture learning, acculturation can be thought of as second-culture learning. These types of analyses are all but lost in most current acculturation research.

Journal of Youth and Adolescence. While sociologists recognize the role of state institutions, such as schools, in promoting the assimilation process, psychologists often treat acculturation as a series of individual voluntary choices between the culture of origin and the new culture [ 13 ].

Several theorists have stated that the fourfold models of acculturation are too simplistic to have predictive validity. The outlines of a revitalized anthropological approach to acculturation should be fairly clear by this point in the acculruration.

We feel strongly that anthropology needs to recapture the concept of adculturation both for itself and for the broader social sciences and to develop the concept and its implications further. Within sociology and psychology, there have been major reassessments of the field of acculturation research [ 1823 — 26 ]. British Social Anthropology,