Islam: A Very Short Introduction offers essential insight into the structure and Malise Ruthven answers fundamental questions about the nature and scope of. Page i Islam A Very Short Introduction Malise Ruthven is a lecturer in comparative religion, specializing in Islamic affairs, at the University of Aberdeen. Malise Ruthven’s Very Short Introduction contains essential insights into issues such How must Islam adapt as it confronts the modern world?.

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The act of reading ilsam in itself an act of devotion. After circumambulating the Ka’ba and touching the Black Stone with his stick, Muhammad enters the temple and smashes the idols therein, sparing only two icons of Jesus and Mary. This is a very basic introduction to Islam. Ruthven also does a terrific job comparing and contrasting Islam to Christianity as he goes along, making it easier for a Western audience to comprehend what be unfamiliar though, unfortunately, the history of Christianity is becoming as unfamiliar as Islam to many Western audiences.

Is he bound by his own rules inrtoduction justice?

Islam: A Very Short Introduction – Malise Ruthven – Oxford University Press

A Muslim is one born to a Muslim father who takes on his or her parent’s confessional identity without necessarily subscribing to the beliefs and practices of mxlise faith, just as a Jew may define him- or herself as ‘Jewish’ without observing the Halacha.

However, speculation about God was allowed to flourish under the patronage of the Isma’ili Imams who elevated reason or intellect to the highest level beneath the unknown and unknowable deity.

The author then explains the difference between Shi’ia and Sunni interpretation processes in their current form. Despite the efforts of the scholars the volume of hadiths continued to swell and modern critics, both Muslim and non-Muslim, have come to doubt whether the methodology was really reliable, given the long period of oral transmission before hadiths came to be written down.

Can women find fulfillment in Islamic societies? In other miracle stories the Prophet emulates the Quranic Jesus by breathing life into a bird of stone, produces rain after drought or water from between his fingers, and causes a solitary barren sheep to provide enough milk for his thirsty companions and himself.

The latter saw them introdiction allies against the modernists and reformers who pioneered the modern nationalist movements.


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The Jewish tribes may have been established longer in the oasis and owned most of mqlise date palms. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

There’s a introfuction loading this menu right now. Sufis performing the dhikr’remembrance’ of Godnear Omdurman, Sudan. As deputies of the Hidden Imam the mullahs exercise the right of ijtihad — independent interpretation of the Shari’ain contrast to most of their Sunni counterparts, who until recently tended to be bound by taqlid’ — imitation’ of precedents applied by their predecessors.

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Islam: A Very Short Introduction

He is the author of Islam in the Worlda highly acclaimed overview of Islamic faith and history, and his reviews, essays, and blogs appear regularly in the New York Review of Books. Satan is punished for his refusal to bow down before Adam; and though Adam sins, as in the biblical story, by eating of the forbidden fruit, he repents and is soon restored to favour as God’s deputy or vice-regent khalifathe first prophet in the line of prophets that culminates in Muhammad.

According to this view it is the task of the Islamic state to enforce obedience to the revealed law of Islamthe Shari’a. Important This is a short relatively easy read that should be read by anyone worried about Western cultures being overrun by Muslim “hordes”.

Enquiries concerning reproduction outside these terms and in other countries should be sent to the Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Data available Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Ruthven, Malise.

Islam: A Very Short Introduction – Malise Ruthven – Google Books

This is not to say that the latter is always withhold as the correct one, but that for an introduction like this both are needed. In its primary meaning for example, as employed in the Quran and other foundational texts the word Muslim refers to one who so surrenders him- or herself from the active participle of the verb aslama, to surrender oneself.


Abu Bakr, his close companion and father of his favourite wife ‘Aisha, is elected leader in Medina, following Arab tribal custom. Yet from the very first, according to Islam’s sacred narrative, that terrestrial unity is compromised isla, the Muslims themselves.

University of North Carolina Press, The settlement had been divided along tribal lines, with bitter feuding between the clans, three of which, the Banu Quraiza, the Banu Qainuqa’ and the Banu Nadir, had adopted a form of Judaism just as some Arab tribes living in and around the Syrian desert adopted versions of Christianity.

Muslims who contest this view argue that so long as a government does not prevent the believer from carrying out his or her religious duties, it cannot be described as un- or anti-Islamic. Scholars are still debating whether the early caliphate was a religious or political office, or a combination of both, and if so, in what proportions. In some parts of the world the hudud penalties according to which transgressions of the ‘limits’ or ‘boundaries’ prescribed by God in the Quran are given specified silam such as amputation for theft or flogging for sexual relations outside marriage have acquired a symbolic significance precisely introoduction they are seen to confront licentious attitudes deemed to have been inspired by a ‘decadent’ West.

Muhammad’s wife Khadija died the same year. The American historian Marshall Hodgson distinguished between the ‘Islamic’ pertaining to islxm religion and what he termed the ‘Islamicate’ pertaining to the broader cultural and societal frame of which the religion is part, and over which it may be said to preside.

Please try again later. There are mainly four different schools with different thoughts about whether and when the canon and doors to interpretation are open and whether sshort when they closed. It did not blow my mind. Apart from enforcing God’s commands, the purpose of the law is to regulate the affairs of men.